The Alfa Romeo Alfetta was an executive saloon car and fastback coupÃ© produced from 1972 until 1984 by Alfa Romeo. It was popular due to its combination of a modest design with powerful engines, selling over 400,000 units until the end of its production run, but in the final years its sales were down due to Alfa Romeo's reliability problems that plagued the company through the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro, the Alfa Romeo Alfetta introduced a new drivetrain layout to the marque. Clutch and transmission were housed at the rear of the car, together with the differential for a more balanced weight distribution, as used on the Alfa Romeo Alfetta 158/159 Grand Prix cars. The suspension relied on double wishbones and torsion bars at the front and a de Dion beam at the rear. The Alfa Romeo Alfetta was renewed in 1979 with a revised frontend, new wheel rims and new lights, as well as a Diesel version.
It was available with two four-cylinder DOHC engines with two valves per cylinder and a turbo Diesel engine supplied by VM Motori. The 1.6 and 1.8 L base models had two double-barrel carburettors, while the 2.0 DOHC received fuel injection in 1979. The Diesel initially had 2.0 L, but was increased to 2.4 L in 1982.
A final facelift was added in 1984, when the company changed the car's name to Alfa Romeo 90, to conform to its new naming system, which included the Alfa Romeo 33 and Alfa Romeo 75.
The Alfa Romeo Alfetta became well known throughout the world since it was Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro's official escort car, when, in 1978, he was first kidnapped, then killed, by the Italian Terrorist left-wing organization The Red Brigades. A fictionalised account of these events was produced as a critically well regarded Italian film, The Advocate, which also heavily featured Alfettas of all types, from Caribieneri 'Short Nose . Round Light' through to the Prime Minister's own 'Long Nose Square Light' 2000 Super Saloon.