The CitroÃ«n C3 is a supermini that has been produced by the French automaker CitroÃ«n since 2002. It was launched to replace the CitroÃ«n Saxo with the Citroen C2.It was designed by Donato Coco and Jean-Pierre PlouÃ©, previously known for designing the Renault Twingo; the former has been the head of the CitroÃ«n design team since 1999.
The C3 is available with 1.1 L, 1.4 L and 1.6 L petrol engines, and 1.4 L and 1.6 L HDi engines. All models come with the option of a five speed manual transmission, except for the Stop & Start, which can only be supplied with CitroÃ«n's SensoDrive gearbox - a five speed semi-automatic transmission, which has two shifting options of either the fully automated mode, or the paddle-shifted/gear-shifted manual mode. The SX model is the only version that has the option of a four speed fully-automatic transmission.
In accordance with PSA Group policy, the C3's chassis was used for the Peugeot 1007. Many components of the C3 are the same as those of the Peugeot 206, for example the external mirrors.
The Saxo was one of the least spacious cars in the supermini class. The C3 addressed this problem with one of the most spacious interiors in its class.
A new C3 model appeared in July 2003, the highly-adaptable C3 Pluriel, which can be configured as a full or partial convertible or a closed car, thanks to its detachable roof bars and folding fabric roof. In its adaptability, the C3 Pluriel can be seen as a relative of the utilitarian CitroÃ«n MÃ©hari and 2CV.
The C3 underwent a mild revamp in 2005. The exterior styling was changed slightly, most notably with clear crystal brake lights. Some minor interior changes were made, and CitroÃ«n also added a new 1.6 L 16-valve HDi diesel engine rated at 110 bhp. The Pluriel received the interior alterations but was otherwise unchanged.
Some versions of the C3 feature a "Stop & Start" system that can automatically cut the engine when not needed to save fuel, such as in traffic, and restart it briskly to move on again. Similar technology appeared in the 1980s Volkswagen Polo "Formel E" and the Volkswagen Golf Mk III "Ecomatic".
1.1 L (1124 cc) TU1 I4, 60 PS (59 hp/44 kW) and 69 ftÂ·lbf (94 NÂ·m)